What Causes Hair Loss?

What causes hair loss?

Having beautiful hair is more important than you can imagine in today’s kind of society. Your first impression is by your appearance and immediately after, an opinion about you is formulated almost instantly. Fortunately, you don’t always need professional skills to create good relationships, and there are those who even look past first glances. However, there’s no doubt that people would generally like to be talked about in a positive light as much as possible and there are ways to increase your chances of good first impressions as we will discuss in a few moments. 

We conducted a study in several states and found that, to begin with, people pay close attention not only to the style of clothing but also to the condition of your face and hair and general hygiene. The topic of healthy hair is more relevant now than ever as it plays a role in portraying a good first impression. This is true not only for women who have always wanted long hair but also for men who are worried about alopecia (baldness). Even the most attractive physique, refined features, and elegance of the outfit can be spoiled by some ridiculous detail. One of these details that bring disharmony to the image of a person is a bald patch on the head. When you are young, fresh, and beautiful – there is nothing more annoying than early and sudden hair loss. There can be many reasons for this trouble.

Healthy hair is the best decoration not only for women but also for men. Healthy hair is strong and brilliant and is the pride of any person’s appearance. However, in the modern world, maintaining the beauty of hair is not so easy, especially with the standards set so high. We all love to keep up with color trends, and other new hairstyles as much as the next person, so let’s take a look at how we can take an initial step in the right direction. Here’s how to properly care for your hair so that it looks great. 

Universal Hair Growth Oil
Universal Hair Growth Oil

First, let’s try to list the main enemies of healthy hair:

The first enemy is bad habits. For example, abusing the spirit. Alcohol dries out our body, and this includes the skin, nails, and hair. You are completely wrong. A woman can part with luxurious hair if she begins to get carried away with champagne and wines, her hair becomes noticeably thinner, and damage to the structure occurs more often at the roots. Doctors have long established a close relationship between declining lush strands and alcohol abuse; the hair does not withstand such strain and as a consequence, simply falls out.

Alcohol has a detrimental effect on the hair, as well as on the skin and nails, the strands lose their ability to regenerate, their growth slows down, and fragility and unnatural color appear. You have to choose between dizziness from wine and luxurious healthy hair if you’re strongly considering rebooting that hairdo.

The next destructive factor is dirty water. The condition of the water determines how your hair will look after drying. Many have experienced such that after washing their hair, the situation only worsened. Hair becomes greasy or overrides depending on the water’s quality. This makes it difficult to take care of the skin and hair. When washing our hair, we use washing cosmetics (shampoos), and caring cosmetics (creams, conditioners, masks), as well as the water itself. Hard (mineral-dense/dirty) water washes away makeup more slowly than soft (clean) water.

Unclean water can make your skin rough and dry, and your hair hard, brittle, and dull. It is also a nightmare for high porosity hair.

Also Read: Best Hair Growth Oil Products

Minerals can negatively affect henna staining, so before applying henna, you need to chelate, that is, remove mineral deposits from the strands. But the worst thing is that several months of washing your hair with very dirty water can trigger hair loss. If you’re struggling with hair loss and can’t find the cause, be sure to test the water you wash your hair in. The minerals in poor water quality can clog hair follicles, which can lead to hair loss. How can you check the quality of water? If limescale appears in the kettle or on the faucet a short time after it has been removed, this means that the water is dirty and mineral-dense.

The third factor is the absence or lack of vitamins and minerals in the diet. All human food consists of proteins, fats, carbohydrates, and mineral compounds. Foods of animal origin (meat and fish) are rich in proteins, which are necessary to give hair elasticity and shine. The protein obtained from food has a direct correlation to the building material that the hair shaft needs.

That is why people who follow a vegetarian diet should consume more bean dishes. Soy and beans are also rich in proteins, which make up for the deficiency of this vital element.

Fats contained in oils of vegetable origin (olive, linseed, corn, and sunflower oil) are directly involved in the construction of scalp cells, monitor the nutrition of the hair, and have a protective function.

Carbohydrates are an indispensable source of energy. Green vegetables (arugula, sorrel, parsley, pepper) are rich in them.

Iron, zinc, iodine, copper, selenium are essential elements for the full development of the body. All these inorganic substances are found in beans, eggs, and dairy products.

If you want to achieve a positive result in hair care, then you should consider that the body needs a balanced approach – cosmetics and proper nutrition. You cannot substitute one for the other, even the most highly specialized hair mask cannot make your hair beautiful and healthy if you exhaust yourself with diets, experience stress, and suffer from depression. The body needs healthy nutrition from the inside (food) and help from the outside (cosmetics).

The fourth factor, oddly enough, is the climate. Hair, unlike skin, does not have natural protection, therefore, even in cloudy weather, it suffers from ultraviolet radiation. Ultraviolet rays damage the pigment, which leads to the loss of their brilliance and strength. Too dry air, high or low-temperature indicators also negatively affect the condition of your hair. At low temperatures, static electricity accumulates in the hair, and the cold dries the hair from the inside, which makes it brittle and devoid of natural shine. To never wonder “how to deal with alopecia?”, you need to protect your hair from the cold with a hat, never leave the house with a wet head, and use vitamin masks to strengthen follicles, and moisturize your hair. Those with thin hair should use mild shampoos, use a protective spray before going out into the cold, and be sure to wear a warm hat that can protect hair follicles from exposure to cold.

And the last equally important factor is cosmetic manipulations, such as bleaching, perm, hot styling, overly frequent use of a hairdryer and hair straightener, frequent use of fixing gels, varnishes, and mousses. Of course, if you use something in excess, then accordingly it will have a negative impact. But you need to try to maintain a balance in the use of cosmetic preparations and products.

With regard to discoloration, then try to make a gradual transition from one color to another. In no case do not repaint from a burning brunette to a spectacular blonde. If possible, do not use a perm, as the likelihood of baldness increases with each procedure. The same applies to hot styling.

Comb your hair from the bottom up, especially when it’s wet. Try to use the hair dryer 20 centimeters from your hair. Dry your hair the right way: start at the scalp and work your way to the ends of your hair. Daily use of hair straightener and fixative/varnish/mousse gels will cause your hair to become brittle, fall out, and lose its former freshness.

We have already talked about baldness, but let’s try to learn a little more to help ourselves.

Hair loss

Those who see a dozen hairs that have fallen out on the comb, may begin to panic and take immediate measures to preserve the hair. The daily loss of part of the hair is a natural process of renewal of the integument. Some people uncontrollably take vitamins for hair loss, others try to wash and comb their hair less often so as not to see hair loss. However, the hair should fall out and this is absolutely normal. Normal hair loss per day in a healthy person is 50 to 100 hairs. Hair grows in cycles, so hair loss is only part of a natural process. A new one grows from the bulb in place of the dead hair. But sometimes this process breaks down.

But what to do if the hair has become many times smaller, and bald patches are visible on the head? In this case, it is necessary to reconsider your lifestyle and nutrition, and in some cases it will be most effective to seek help from a professional trichologist and engage in complex hair treatment.

Causes, signs, and types

Hair loss and baldness terrifies men and women alike. Many guys start losing hair early because of a genetic predisposition.

However, let’s take a closer look at the causes of hair loss in women. Most often, the cause of an unpleasant problem can be changed in a woman’s hormonal background. Increased hair loss in women often begins a few weeks after giving birth and can last up to several months. This often happens due to increased levels of stress, fatigue, lack of sleep, and reduced protein levels in the body.

During pregnancy itself, hair can also fall out, especially if the expectant mother does not follow a balanced diet. Due to the deficiency of nutrients, baldness appears, since most of the nutrients and nutrients are spent on maintaining the health of the baby in the womb.

The body of a woman over the age of 40 is again undergoing hormonal changes due to the fact that she is preparing for menopause. The unstable emotional state of a woman during this period and a decrease in metabolism also affect the condition of the hair follicles, the hair is malnourished and weakened.

The causes of hair loss in young girls are more extensive:

  • lack of nutrients as a result of following strict diets, in particular, iron, zinc, and lysine deficiencies;
  • hormonal imbalance during puberty, after childbirth, during menopause, as a result of the rejection of oral contraceptives;
  • certain endocrine and chronic diseases;
  • exposure to temperatures – refusal to wear hats in cold weather, frequent drying of hair with a hot air dryer, regular use of styling devices;
  • stress;
  • prolonged use of a certain group of drugs – antidepressants, hormonal pills, laxatives, diuretics, and others;
  • frequent perms, the use of aggressive hair dyes, improperly chosen care products.

Signs of hair loss

  • more than 15 hairs fall out after shampooing;
  • there is a lot of hair left on the comb;
  • on the head there are separate “islands” devoid of hair;
  • there may be partial loss of eyelashes and eyebrows;
  • itching and flaking of the scalp.

Hair loss often indicates the presence of certain disorders or diseases in the body. To properly deal with the problem of alopecia (baldness), you need to understand the causes of its occurrence.

Hair Loss Causes

  • genetic predisposition;
  • the action of harmful chemicals, radiation – hair loss often occurs after chemotherapy in the treatment of oncology;
  • development of autoimmune diseases;
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • the impaired blood circulation of the scalp and cervical region;
  • development of infections, spread of parasites;
  • undergone surgery and trauma;
  • an unhealthy diet or exhausting diets;
  • deficiency of vitamins in the body;
  • strong stress, depression;
  • long-term use of medicines.

Types of hair loss

Severe hair loss may indicate the presence of serious disruptions in the body. The scientific name for hair loss is alopecia. Due to the difference in the causes that lead to baldness, we can distinguish two large groups:

Anagenic alopecia – occurs due to exposure to drugs, chemicals or radiation. The most striking example of such alopecia is the complete loss of hair during radiation or chemotherapy in patients with oncology. After the cessation of the influence of the factor that caused the loss, growth is restored. Specific treatment does not exist.

Telogenetic alopecia – occurs under the influence of various diseases or conditions, can occur in acute or chronic form. An acute one can last for about six months and then pass, while a chronic one lasts more than six months, in some cases for many years.

Telogen effluvium can also be divided into several groups, depending on the reasons that cause it.

Androgenetic – is typical for men, in whom it occurs in more than 90% of all cases. It is associated with the high sensitivity of the hair follicles to male sex hormones.

Diffuse – hair falls out evenly over the entire head due to the premature transition of the hairs to a state of rest under the influence of various factors.

Congenital – the rarest, often goes in combination with skin diseases. Characterized by the complete or partial absence of hair. Medical treatment is ineffective, hair can be restored only with the help of a transplant.

Nesting – characterized by the formation of bald “islands”. The reasons for its manifestation are little studied. Some experts suggest that autoimmune processes, a genetic predisposition, lead to alopecia areata.

Cicatricial – occurs after injuries.

Traction – typical for people who prefer to wear dreadlocks, hair extensions, hairpieces and tight pigtails. As a result, the load on the hair follicle increases, the hair becomes thinner and falls off.

Senile – associated with degenerative changes in the body, including in the hair follicles.

Seborrheic – a consequence of running seborrhea.

Symptomatic – is one of the symptoms of serious infectious diseases, as well as intoxication and vitamin deficiency.

You should pay attention to the first signs of alopecia. In men, it manifests itself in the form of bald spots in the forehead area. Baldness in women, as a rule, begins along the parting line.

#1. Diagnostics

If you regularly observe that your hair is shedding and it bothers you, contact a trichologist. Only this specialist can determine the cause of your hair loss and prescribe the right treatment for you.

Directly in the trichologist’s office, you can find out the condition of the hair and scalp with the help of a Trichogramma. The essence of this diagnostic method is to examine the scalp and hairline using a trichoscope – an apparatus with optical lenses that can magnify the area under study up to 1000 times. To monitor the results of treatment, a phototrichogram is also used. In this case, a section of the scalp is photographed with a trichoscope in order to then set the hair growth rate, the number of hairs per 1 cm².

#2. What tests should be taken

To determine the exact cause, you should pass the following tests for hair loss:

  • biochemical blood test;
  • blood test for sex hormones and thyroid hormones;
  • spectral analysis of the hair
  • detailed blood test,
  • blood biochemistry,
  • detailed analysis of urine,
  • tests for parasites
  • analyzes on female sex hormones,
  • detailed hair analysis for toxins,
  • hair testing to assess mineral status.

Based on the data collected, the doctor may refer you for additional studies. Depending on the data obtained, the trichologist may also appoint you for consultation with a related specialist, in particular an endocrinologist.

If you have the first signs of hair loss, start with a consultation with a trichologist. With the help of computer diagnostics (trichogramma), the specialist will determine the number and diameter of the hair, and the condition of the skin and sebaceous glands. To determine the cause of alopecia, you may be offered an examination by other narrow specialists: a gynecologist, an endocrinologist, a neurologist, or a general practitioner.

A gynecologist will help a woman to correct hormonal imbalances.

If the cause of hair loss lies in the presence of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, you should consult a gastroenterologist.

As a result, the doctor will be able to determine the degree of the course of the disease and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

#3. Hair Loss Treatment

To stop hair loss, you need to be patient. You should not expect an instant result, and even more so, throw the prescribed course of treatment.

The doctor will prescribe an individual treatment regimen for you after studying the results of tests and diagnostics. It may include:

  • vitamin complexes designed to compensate for the deficiency of a group of substances in the blood;
  • iron-containing drugs in case of anemia;
  • hormonal complex to correct imbalance;
  • external preparations, including those containing minoxidil – a chemical component that stimulates blood circulation in the follicles and hair growth;
  • laser, mesotherapy.

In cases where baldness is caused genetically and cannot be treated, hair transplantation is indicated for patients.

On the Internet you can find many folk recipes for the treatment of hair loss:

  • mustard, pepper masks – increase the blood circulation of the scalp;
  • onion mask – to nourish the bulbs and scalp;
  • propolis-based lotion is an antibacterial agent.

Remember, self-treatment can only aggravate the loss. The cause of hair loss often lies in internal problems that need to be treated comprehensively. Be sure to consult with a specialist before using homemade hair masks and lotions. It is possible that in your case some of them will be contraindicated.

#4. Prevention

To prevent hair loss in the future, follow preventive measures:

  • do not braid too tight – African braids, and dreadlocks can greatly weaken the hair;
  • do not get carried away with frequent staining, perm;
  • use heat protectants when styling your hair with curling irons and irons;
  • dry your hair with cool air;
  • wear a hat in the cold season;
  • choose a shampoo based on the type of your scalp;
  • Avoid restrictive diets
  • periodically massage your head to improve blood circulation.

#5. Salon treatments for hair loss

Ozone therapy

This is a method of treating hair loss in women and men, based on the introduction of a mixture of ozone with oxygen into the scalp, while the proportion of ozone in the mixture is small (2-4 mg per 1 liter of oxygen). Ozone activated oxygen, making it more efficient. With the help of microinjections with a thin needle, the gas mixture enters the problem areas almost instantly. The cocktail saturates tissues with oxygen, and improves blood microcirculation and lymph outflow. All this leads to the restoration of hair growth.

This procedure is not for everyone. It should not be performed during the menstrual cycle, as well as in patients with blood clotting disorders.


It is also an injection procedure, only inside the skin in this case a complex of preparations is introduced, which contains all the necessary vitamins, trace elements, nutrients, useful amino acids, and so on. Hyaluronic acid nourishes the bulbs with oxygen and accelerates hair growth, copper and zinc improve hair structure, and coenzyme accelerates cell regeneration. All medicinal preparations used in head mesotherapy are selected for each individual patient, depending on the existing problem, hair type and desired result. Mesotherapy treats baldness of the head and improves the structure of the hair, acting at the cellular level. Healing cocktails restore, nourish, moisturize, strengthen the roots and remove toxins.

The procedure is not carried out during pregnancy and lactation, with exacerbation of chronic diseases and with the development of an inflammatory process on the skin. In addition to those listed, hair mesotherapy has many contraindications, which your doctor will acquaint you with.


The essence of the procedure is that the patient’s own plasma, taken from the blood, is injected into the patient’s skin. Blood is taken from a vein and after processing in a special centrifuge, the doctor receives platelet-rich plasma. This is exactly what is injected into the scalp with a very thin needle, which makes the plasmolifting procedure almost painless. As a result, the body’s own stem cells wake up, and the skin is renewed from the inside.

#6. Hair loss after covid

In recent months, there has been an increase in the number of people who complain about hair loss after Covid-19.

Diffuse alopecia in its acute form is characterized by severe hair loss throughout the head, a significant decrease in volume, and a decrease in hair quality. The process begins in 2-3 months, after the influence of a causal factor (after a viral infection). Pathology is temporary, provided there are no associated problems. In patients who are predisposed to prolapse, the pathological process can be protracted.

According to expert studies, hair loss after coronavirus occurs in 24% of patients. Pathology refers to the consequences of coronavirus infection, and the virus itself does not negatively affect the hair follicles. Early growth arrest and the entry of hair follicles into the hibernation stage occur for the following reasons:

  • intoxication process;
  • elevated temperature, which is above 38.5 degrees (even a short increase in body temperature above these indicators affects a healthy hair growth cycle);
  • the formation of microthrombosis, as a result of which there is a violation of the microcirculation of the scalp after covid 19;
  • drug treatment of COVID-19, namely: the consumption of drugs such as antibiotics, antivirals, immunosuppressants, immunomodulators;
  • the stressful state experienced by patients when the diagnosis is confirmed, superimposed on depression, anxiety during the period of quarantine measures after covid 19.

Many former patients talk about the problem of losing curls after experiencing covid. Hair after suffering a coronavirus becomes less in both men and women. What are the features of the pathological process?

According to researchers, hair loss after Covid-19 occurs, on average, 2 months after the illness. There is a correlation between the severity of the infection, the intensity of treatment and the activity of the loss of curls.

A hallmark of hair loss after an infection is the intensity of the loss, which shocks patients, aggravating their psycho-emotional state.

On examination, a positive tension test is detected, which is called a pull-test; according to the results of diagnosis, the percentage of hair falling out reaches 25-30% (with a norm of no more than 10-15%), which indicates a high degree of hair involvement due to covid in the pathological process. Hence there is a loss of curls after an illness.

There is also a slowdown in growth or weak hair growth “instead of fallen out” after covid 19, which, as a rule, is not the norm for diffuse telogen loss due to deficiencies, after stress and other things.

However, do not despair, hair loss can be stopped. Trichologists note that hair loss in many cases is a temporary and reversible phenomenon. Loss of curls after an illness is not a sentence. In many cases, hair loss follows the path of post-infection hair loss. On average, the process of stabilization and restoration of normal hair growth in this form is observed within 6 months, while the restoration of hair volume takes a longer time.

The concern is caused only by those cases when, due to covid, the hair does not enter a new cycle, and a latent stage sets in, in which growth does not resume. The reasons are not clear at the moment, but the frequent debut after suffering covid of such forms of loss as cicatricial and alopecia areata speaks of the role of immune changes in the hair follicle area.

Let’s sum up:

Today, there are several types of hair care cosmetics, including medical and restorative cosmetics. It can be restorative shampoos, balms, nourishing masks, or oils. But the real breakthrough in this industry are restorative oils for the scalp.

One of these is Universal Hair Growth Oil™. The products of this company are created not only to improve the appearance of your hair, but also fights one of the most important problems for many men – alopecia (hair loss). There is a fairly large selection on the market, but not one remedy works like the products of this company.

It may seem that it is very difficult to achieve well-groomed hair. It’s not exactly like that. It’s just that we often find ourselves too lazy to take care of our hair properly. Healthy hair is, first of all, regularity and consistency in care. Universal Hair Growth Oil products not only help you regain your naturalness, shine, and silkiness, but also work to restore damaged bulbs, which in turn helps increase hair growth. It is also important that the composition of the product is only natural ingredients.

Healthy hair plays an important role in building relationships between people. By following these tips, you will be able to adjust and fix the issues that are bothering you and be happy people. Let’s make each other happy and healthy!

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